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Heartwood darkens to deep red brown. Interlocked to rather irregular grain with uniformly moderate texture. Works well and is durable. Main uses furniture, cabinet making, high quality interior and exterior joinery, boat building and musical instruments.


The heartwood matures from a pink-brown when fresh cut to deep red-brown. The grain is interlocked to rather irregular, producing a wide irregular striped figure on quartered surfaces. Weight varies from 550-750 kg/m3 (34-47 lb/ft3), but averages 660 kg/m3 (41 lb/ft3); specific gravity .66. Texture, uniformly moderate.


This heavy density wood has only medium bending strength, and a high crushing strength with low stiffness and resistance to shock loads. It has a very poor steam bending classification as it buckles severely.

Main Uses

Furniture and cabinetmaking, counter tops, high-class exterior and interior joinery, flooring, boat building and planking, musical instruments, sports good, and general construction work. Selected material used for plywood manufacture and sliced for decorative veneers.


Softwoods Hardwoods Decking
Douglas Fir
Pitch Pine
Siberian Larch
Southern Yellow Pine
Western Red Cedar
Ash Balau
Beech Cherry
European Oak Maple
Meranti Poplar
Sapele Teak
Utile Walnut
Wenge White Oak
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